Employment-intensive growth and formalisation key themes behind reform agenda: KV Subramanian

0

The two key themes underlying the government’s reform agenda so far have been to change India’s macroeconomic configuration towards growth in employment intensive sectors and more formalisation in the economy, according to KV Subramanian, Chief Economic Adviser (CEA) of India.

While robust job creation and wage increase would drive sustainable growth, formalisation of employment would make the economy more resilient to future crises, Subramanian said during a virtual conference hosted by the Confederation of Indian Industry on Monday.

The CEA was referring to the host of changes brought in by the government in laws and regulations concerning the manufacturing, agriculture, labour and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) sectors.

“If you take the agriculture law changes, the production-linked incentive scheme, the changes in MSME definitions together, it is an attempt to change the macroeconomic configuration of the economy towards those sectors which are more employment intensive, especially the primary and secondary sectors of agriculture and manufacturing,” Subramanian said.

“All these are ways to enable economies of scale, especially among MSMEs, which will help to create jobs and thereby demand in the economy,” he added.

This was important since sustained growth would only come from robust job creation which would be accompanied by wage increases, as against the jobless growth which India saw over the last 50 years, the CEA said.

Formalisation
The other key theme behind the reform agenda was to increase the level of formalisation in order to build resilience into the economy, according to Subramanian, since formal sector firms are much more resilient in a crisis than informal firms.

From 2011-12 to 2017-18, the number of salaries workers increased by 5% or over 2 crore, the CEA said, adding that these were changes from casual labour to the salaried class.

“The formalisation is particularly crucial because formal sector firms are far more resilient to shocks than informal sector firms,” he said.

“Within the last ten years, the global financial crisis and the covid crisis have shown that crises that are beyond anyone’s control are something that are maybe here to stay and therefore, building resilience in the economy by enabling formalisation is extremely important,” he added.

var urlParams = window.URLSearchParams && new URLSearchParams(window.location.search), optParam = urlParams.get && urlParams.get('opt');

var objSec = {template: 'articleshow_main', msid:'79365620', secNames: ['news','economy','policy'],secIds:['2147477890','1715249553','1373380680','1106944246']};

var tmplName = tpName="articleshow_main",lang = '',nav_sec1,newHookId,subsec1_value,subsec1_common = '1715249553',newHookId2,subsec2_value,subsec2_common = '1373380680'; var objVc = {version_on:'20201123135239',js_etsubscription:'1',js_comments:'111',js_googleslock:'782',js_googlelogin:'54',js_common_buydirect:'749',js_bookmark:'18',js_login:'44',js_datepicker:'2',js_electionsmn:'22',js_push:'54',css_buydirect:'14',js_tradenow:'14',js_commonall:'121',lib_login:'https://jssocdn.indiatimes.com/crosswalk/jsso_crosswalk_legacy_0.5.9.min.js',live_tv:'{"onoff_flag": 0, "auto_open": 0, "play_check_hour": 12, "default_tv": "0"}',global_cube:'0',global_cube_wap:'0',global_cube_faces:'2',global_cube_fullad:'0',global_cube_landingon:'sensex',global_cube_wap_url:'https://m.economictimes.com/iframe_cube.cms',site_sync:'0',adx:'1',amazon_bidding:'1',fan_ads:'0',trackAdCode:'0',ajaxError:'1',oauth:'oauth',planPage:"https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/plans.cms",planPageTest:'https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/plans.cms',subscriptions:'subscriptions',krypton:'kryptonp',apw:'apw',nlSubscribe:'etsub3'}; var objDim = {d52:'nature_of_content',d10:'user_login_status_hit',d54:'content_shelf_life',d53:'content_target_audience',d12:'tags_meta_keyword',d56:'degree_of_conten',d11:'content_theme_the_primary_tag',d55:'content_tone',d14:'special_coverage',d58:'et_product_item',d13:'article_publish_time',d16:'video_embed',d15:'audio_embed',d59:'show_paywall_final',d61:'paywall_probability',d60:'paywall_score',d63:'paid_articles_read',d62:'eligibility_paywall_rule',d65:'bureau_articles_read',d20:'platform',d64:'free_articles_read',d23:'author_id',d67:'loyalty',d66:'article_length',d25:'page_template',d24:'syft_initiate_page',d68:'paywall_hits',d27:'site_sub_section',d26:'site_section',d29:'section_id',d28:'prime_deal_code',d70:'us_election_2020',d72:'paywall_experiment',d71:'plan_group_id',d32:'prime_article_read_before_syft',d34:'content_age',d33:'prime_article_read_before_success',d36:'sign_in_initiation_position',d35:'subscription_method_hit',d37:'user_subscription_status',d1:'et_product',d2:'blocker_type',d3:'user_login_status_hit',d4:'agency',d5:'author_name',d6:'cms_content_publishing_type',d7:'content_personalisation_level',d8:'article_publish_date',d9:'sub_section_name',d40:'freeread',d45:'prime_hp_ui_template',d47:'prime_hp_ui_content_b_color',d46:'prime_hp_ui_content_size',d49:'syft_initiate_position',d48:'content_msid',d50:'signin_initiate_page'};var serverTime="11.23.2020 13:49:47";var WRInitTime=(new Date()).getTime(); (function () {if (self !== top) {var e = function (s) {return document.getElementsByTagName(s)}; e("head")[0].innerHTML = '

'; setTimeout(function () {e("body")[0].innerHTML = ''; var hEle = e("html")[0]; hEle.innerHTML = 'economictimes.indiatimes.com'; hEle.className=""; top.location = self.location; }, 0);}})();

_log = window.console && console.log ? console.log : function () {}; if(window.localStorage && localStorage.getItem('temp_geolocation')) { var geolocation = localStorage.getItem('temp_geolocation'); } // Creating Elements for IE : HTML 5 and cross domain checks (function () { var elem = ["article", "aside", "figure", "footer", "figcaption", "header", "nav", "section", "time"]; for(var i=0; i<=elem.length-1; i++) {document.createElement(elem[i])} var hd = 'indiatimes.com', dd = document.domain,intv,intv2,fo; if (dd != hd && dd.indexOf(hd) != -1) {document.domain = hd} })(); var intv,intv2;var fo; if(subsec1_value == '1715249553' && subsec2_value == '1052732854'){ subsec1_value = newHookId = '1052732854'; // politicsnation }else if(subsec1_value == '1715249553' && subsec2_value == '1373380680'){ subsec1_value = newHookId = '1373380680'; // Economy } if(optParam != "1") { customDimension = window.customDimension || {}; var _gaq = _gaq || []; var customDimension = customDimension || {}; var analytics_js_path="https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js"; (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script',analytics_js_path,'ga'); var gaProperty = 'UA-198011-5'; var disableStr="ga-disable"; if (document.cookie.indexOf(disableStr + '=true') > -1) { window[disableStr + '-' + gaProperty] = true; }

ga('set', 'anonymizeIp', true); ga('create', gaProperty, 'auto', {'allowLinker': true}); ga('require', 'linker'); ga('linker:autoLink', ['economictimes.com']); ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); window.optimizely = window.optimizely || []; window.optimizely.push("activateUniversalAnalytics"); ga('require', 'GTM-WV452H7'); customDimension.dimension1 = "ET Free"; customDimension.dimension4 = "ET Bureau"; customDimension.dimension5 = "Gaurav Noronha"; customDimension.dimension6 = "Native - 79365620"; customDimension.dimension8 = "Nov 23, 2020"; customDimension.dimension9 = "Economy";

customDimension.dimension11 = "Print Live - Policy";

customDimension.dimension12 = "MSMEs,agriculture,robust job creation,reforms,CEA,KV Subramanian"; customDimension.dimension13 = "01:36 PM IST";

customDimension.dimension15 = "No"; customDimension.dimension16 = "No"; customDimension.dimension23 = "479253017"; (function () { var a = window.localStorage && localStorage.getItem('et_syftCounter') || ''; a = a && JSON.parse(a) || {}; if(a.beforeSyft && customDimension) { customDimension.dimension32 = a.beforeSyft; } if(a.afterSyft) { customDimension.dimension33 = a.afterSyft; } })()

var contentAge="0.00018518518518518518"; if(contentAge) { customDimension.dimension34 = contentAge > 2 ? '>48hs':'<48hrs'; } if(customDimension){ customDimension.dimension25 = "articleshow_main"; customDimension.dimension26 = "News"; customDimension.dimension27 = "News/Economy/Policy/"; customDimension.dimension29 = "1715249553"; customDimension.dimension48 = "79365620"; customDimension.dimension57 = _tiluuid; } ga('send', 'pageview', customDimension); var newHookId ='1715249553'; var newHookId2 = '1373380680'; if(newHookId == '1715249553' && newHookId2 == '1052732854'){ newHookId = '1052732854'; // politicsnation }else if(newHookId == '1715249553' && newHookId2 == '1373380680'){ newHookId = '1373380680'; // Economy } var subsec1_value="1715249553", subsec1_2value="1373380680"; if(subsec1_value == '1715249553' && subsec1_2value == '1052732854'){ subsec1_value="1052732854"; // politicsnation }else if(subsec1_value == '1715249553' && subsec1_2value == '1373380680'){ subsec1_value="1373380680"; // Economy } (function (g, r, o, w, t, h, rx) { g[t] = g[t] || function () {(g[t].q = g[t].q || []).push(arguments) }, g[t].l = 1 * new Date(); g[t] = g[t] || {}, h = r.createElement(o), rx = r.getElementsByTagName(o)[0]; h.async = 1;h.src = w;rx.parentNode.insertBefore(h, rx) })(window, document, 'script', 'https://static.growthrx.in/js/v2/web-sdk.js', 'grx'); grx('init', 'gf999c70d'); var grxDimension = {url: window.location.href, title : document.title, referral_url : document.referrer}; if(window.customDimension && window.objDim) { for(key in customDimension) { var dimId = 'd' + key.substr(9, key.length); if(objDim[dimId] && customDimension[key]) { grxDimension[objDim[dimId]] = customDimension[key]; } } } var subsStatus="Free User"; var jData = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('jStorage')); function getCookie(n) {var ne = n + "=", ca = document.cookie.split(';');for (var i=0;i< ca.length;i++){ var c = ca[i]; while (c.charAt(0) == ' ') c = c.substring(1, c.length); if (c.indexOf(ne) == 0) return c.substring(ne.length, c.length); } return null; } (function () { if(ssoid = getCookie('ssoid')) { try { grx('userId', ssoid); var pfuuid = getCookie('pfuuid'); if(pfuuid) { grxDimension['et_uuid'] = pfuuid} grxDimension[objDim['d3']] = 'LOGGEDIN'; var grx_userData = jData['prime_'+getCookie('TicketId')]; grx_userData = grx_userData || {}; var grx_userPermission = grx_userData.permissions; if(grx_userPermission.indexOf("expired_subscription") > -1) { subsStatus="Expired User"; } else if (grx_userPermission.indexOf("subscribed") > -1 && grx_userPermission.indexOf("cancelled_subscription") > -1 && grx_userPermission.indexOf("can_buy_subscription") > -1) { subsStatus="Paid User - In Trial"; } else if(grx_userPermission.indexOf("subscribed") > -1) { subsStatus="Paid User"; } else if(grx_userPermission.indexOf("etadfree_subscribed") > -1) { subsStatus="Ad Free User"; } } catch (e) {} } else { grxDimension[objDim['d3']] = 'NONLOGGEDIN'; } grxDimension[objDim['d37']] = subsStatus; })()

grx('track', 'page_view', grxDimension);

if(geolocation && geolocation != 5 && (typeof skip == 'undefined' || typeof skip.fbevents == 'undefined')) { !function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s) {if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function(){n.callMethod? n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)}; if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0'; n.queue=[];t=b.createElement(e);t.async=!0; t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window, document,'script', 'https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js'); fbq('init', '338698809636220'); fbq('track', 'PageView'); }

var _comscore = _comscore || []; _comscore.push({ c1: "2", c2: "6036484"});

if(geolocation && geolocation != 5) { (function() { var s = document.createElement('script'), el = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.async = true; s.src = (document.location.protocol == "https:" ? "https://sb" : "http://b") + ".scorecardresearch.com/beacon.js"; el.parentNode.insertBefore(s, el); })(); }

if(geolocation && geolocation != 5) { (function() { function pingIbeat() { window._pg_endpt=(new Date()).getTime(); var e = document.createElement('script'); e.setAttribute('language', 'javascript'); e.setAttribute('type', 'text/javascript'); e.setAttribute('src', "https://agi-static.indiatimes.com/cms-common/ibeat.min.js"); document.head.appendChild(e); } if(typeof window.addEventListener == 'function') { window.addEventListener("load", pingIbeat, false); } else { var oldonload = window.onload; window.onload = (typeof window.onload != 'function') ? pingIbeat : function() { oldonload(); pingIbeat(); }; } })(); }

}

FOLLOW US ON GOOGLE NEWS

 

Source

Leave a comment